Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler

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Harper Collins, 1964 M12 30 - 544 páginas
When we hear such expressions as feelings of inferiority and insecurity, striving for self-enhancement and power, woman's revolt against her feminine role, the oversolicitous mother, the dethronement of the first-born, the need for affection; when maladjustment is spoken of as self-centeredness, psychological health as other-centeredness; psychiatry as the science of interpersonal relations, neurotic symptoms as ego-defenses and forms of aggression, to mention only a few instances—we are meeting ideas in which Alfred Adler was the pioneer from 1907, the date of his first important publication, until his death in 1937.

The purpose of the present volume is to make Adler's contributions to the theory and practice of psychology available in a systematic and at the same time authentic form. To this end we made selections from his writ- ings and organized them with the aim of approximating the general presentation of a college textbook. Because every word in the main body of the work is Adler's, the outcome of our efforts, if we have been successful, should be the equivalent of a textbook by Adler on Individual Psychology, the name which he gave to his system.

 

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Crítica de los usuarios  - keylawk - LibraryThing

The two editors present selections from the evolving works of Alfred Adler (1870-1937), the Viennese student and main critic of Freud. Publishing from 1907 through 1937, the year of his death, Adler ... Leer comentario completo

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This is a wonderful book of edited writings of Alfred Adler giving a full and comprehensive overview of the Adlerian world view. I say world view because it's plain from this book that Adler was putting forward not just a theory of psychopathology and psychotherapy (and this book covers both these topics in a very comprehensive manner) but what used to be called an anthropology or general theory of humanity and personality. The essential difference and similarities between Adler and others like Freud and Jung are fully explored in these writings giving an idea of Adler's contribution to psychoadynamic psychology. This book became a great guide for me in my career working in the field of mental health within the secondary care sector mainly with people diagnosed as suffering from severe and enduring mental health problems. It also answers many questions about human behaviour in general. I was especially impressed by the last chapter on 'Problems of social Psychology' and Adler's section on 'The Interiorization of External Demands' which explains so much about life and society. Truth never gets old although sometimes it gets forgotten or ignored when it conflicts with contemporary ideologies. This book demonstrates that Adler was easily on par with the likes of Heidegger and Sartre when it comes to providing a general philosophy of life as well as being an equal to psychologists/psychoanalysts like Freud, Jung and Melanie Klein. If I were to sum up the most essential aspect of Adler's theory that this book teaches it's that our personal orientation to life as expressed in our personal relationships leads thinking and feeling, including so called emotional conflicts and their derivatives,and that what we feel, believe and even dream, justifies and perpetuates our social existence and personal orientation (life style) to life. The wonderful thing about Adler is the degree to which he anticipated the developments made in psychoanalysis and its humanistic offshoots. I'm thinking in particular of the work of Karen Horney especially her last book 'Neurosis and Human Growth' which I regard as being much more Neo Adlerian than Neo Freudian. Horney's description of character types and pathology resulting from over identification with the self ideal at the expense of true potential resonates well with Adlerian psychology as does her description of character defences being problem engendering (the Ansbachers comment on the relationship between Adler and Horney in their introduction to this book.),similarly Heinz Kohut's Self Psychology bears many similarities with Adlerian theory regarding the centrality of self value and the secondary nature of drives in relation to disturbances in one's sense of value.
The book is a treasure for dynamically oriented psychotherapists and deserves to read and reread. The Ansbachers did a brilliant job in the selecting, commenting and editing for this book.
 

Contenido

Neurotic Safeguarding Behavior
263
Safeguarding through Aggression
267
Safeguarding through Distance
273
The Onset of the Neurosis
281
Objective Factors and Their Relativity
291
The Dynamic Unity of Mental Disorders
299
Compulsion Neurosis
305
Schizophrenia
314

Discussion of Adlers Ideas by Freud and Others By Kenneth Mark
69
Fictionalism and Finalism
76
The Fictional Final Goal
87
Striving for Superiority
101
Striving for SelfEnhancement
108
Inferiority Feeling
114
Drive Satisfaction
120
Social Interest
126
Social Interest
133
Antecedents of the Concept of Social Interest
143
Social Interest and Adjustment
154
Degree of Activity
163
The Style of Life
172
Uniqueness and Subjectivity
179
Development of the Style of Life
186
Prediction and Its Limitations
193
Psychology of Use
204
Character Traits and Expressive Movements
219
Homogenization of Psychological Processes
228
The Neurotic Disposition
239
The Underdeveloped Social Interest
250
Inferiority and Superiority Complexes
256
Understanding the Patient
327
Explaining the Patient to Himself
333
Special Aspects and Techniques of Treatment
344
Early Recollections and Dreams
350
Dreams
357
The Origin of the Neurotic Disposition
366
The Roles of the Family Members
372
BirthOrder Position
376
Understanding and Treating the Problem Child
384
Treating the Problem Child
392
Individual Psychology in the School
399
Crime and Related Disorders
411
Development of the Criminal Personality
417
Drug Addiction and Alcoholism
423
Love and Marriage
432
Adolescence
439
Problems of Social Psychology
446
On the Psychology of Political Coercion and War
455
ADLER BIBLIOGRAPHY
465
GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY
471
INDEX
479
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Acerca del autor (1964)

Austrian psychologist, founder of the school of individual psychology.

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