Concrete and Clay: Reworking Nature in New York City

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MIT Press, 2003 M08 29 - 358 páginas
An interdisciplinary account of the environmental history and changing landscape of New York City.

In this innovative account of the urbanization of nature in New York City, Matthew Gandy explores how the raw materials of nature have been reworked to produce a "metropolitan nature" distinct from the forms of nature experienced by early settlers. The book traces five broad developments: the expansion and redefinition of public space, the construction of landscaped highways, the creation of a modern water supply system, the radical environmental politics of the barrio in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and the contemporary politics of the environmental justice movement. Drawing on political economy, environmental studies, social theory, cultural theory, and architecture, Gandy shows how New York's environmental history is bound up not only with the upstate landscapes that stretch beyond the city's political boundaries but also with more distant places that reflect the nation's colonial and imperial legacies. Using the shifting meaning of nature under urbanization as a framework, he looks at how modern nature has been produced through interrelated transformations ranging from new water technologies to changing fashions in landscape design. Throughout, he considers the economic and ideological forces that underlie phenomena as diverse as the location of parks and the social stigma of dirty neighborhoods.

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Contenido

INTRODUCTION
1
WATER SPACE AND POWER
19
11 WATER AND THE NASCENT CIVIC REALM
24
12 ENGINEERING THE TECHNOLOGICAL SUBLIME
32
13 URBAN DECAY AND THE HIDDEN CITY
52
14 PARANOID URBANISM
60
15 HYDROLOGICAL TRANSFORMATIONS
70
SYMBOLIC ORDER AND THE URBAN PASTORAL
77
33 THE DEMISE OF TECHNOLOGICAL MODERNISM
138
34 FRACTURED CITIES
147
BETWEEN BORINQUEN AND THE BARRIO
153
41 LANDSCAPES OF DESPAIR
156
42 SPACE IDENTITY AND POWER
162
43 DISARRAY IN THE 1970s
177
44 THE POWER OF MEMORY
182
RUSTBELT ECOLOGY
187

21 CULTURAL ANXIETY LAND SPECULATION AND PUBLIC SPACE
81
22 CREATING THE GARDEN OF A GREAT CITY
87
A FRAGILE SYNTHESIS
97
AN EMERGING PRESERVATIONIST ETHIC
102
25 EMERALD DREAMS
109
TECHNOLOGICAL MODERNISM AND THE URBAN PARKWAY
115
31 THE AUTOMOBILIZATION OF THE AMERICAN LANDSCAPE
118
32 ROBERT MOSES AND THE RADIANT CITY
126
51 ACROSS THE GREAT DIVIDE
193
52 POLLUTION AND THE POLITICS OF RESISTANCE
200
53 RECLAIMING THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT
213
54 TRASH CAN UTOPIAS
221
EPILOGUE
229
NOTES
235
INDEX
327
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Matthew Gandy is Professor of Geography at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Concrete and Clay: Reworking Nature in New York City (MIT Press), recipient of the 2003 Spiro Kostof Award from the Society of Architectural Historians, and The Fabric of Space: Water, Modernity, and the Urban Imagination (MIT Press), recipient of the 2014 Meridian Book Award for Outstanding Scholarly Work in Geography, given by the American Association of Geographers, and has published widely on urban, cultural, and environmental themes.

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