The Poverty of Progress: Latin America in the Nineteenth Century
University of California Press, 1983 M12 28 - 183 páginas
From the Preface by Bradford Burns:If this essay succeeds, it will open an interpretive window providing a different perspective of Latin America's recent past. At first glance, the view might seem to be of the conventional landscape of modernization, but I hope a steady gaze will reveal it to be far vaster and more complex. For one thing, rather than enumerating the benefits accruing to Latin America as modernization became a dominant feature of the social, economic, and political life of the region, this essay regards the imposition of modernization as the catalyst of a devastating cultural struggle and as a barrier to Latin America's development. Clearly if a window to the past is opened by this essay, then so too is a new door to controversy. After most of the nations of Latin America gained political independence, their leaders rapidly accelerated trends more leisurely under way since the closing decades of the eighteenth century: the importation of technology and ideas with their accompanying values from Western Europe north of the Pyrenees and the full entrance into the world's capitalistic marketplace. Such trends shaped those new nations more profoundly than their advocates probably had realized possible. Their promoters moved forward steadfastly within the legacy of some basic institutions bequeathed by centuries of Iberian rule. That combination of hoary institutions with newer, non-Iberian technology, values, and ideas forged contemporary Latin America with its enigma of overwhelming poverty amid potential plenty. This essay emphasizes that the victory of the European oriented ruling elites over the Latin American folk with their community values resulted only after a long and violent struggle, which characterized most of the nineteenth century. Whatever advantages might have resulted from the success of the elites, the victory also fastened two dominant and interrelated characteristics on contemporary Latin America: a deepening dependency and the declining quality of life for the majority.
Comentarios de la gente - Escribir un comentario
No encontramos ningún comentario en los lugares habituales.
Chapter Seven 132 Chapter Seven
Otras ediciones - Ver todas
accepted alternatives Argentina became benefit Bolivia Brazil Brazilian Buenos Aires capital Carrera caudillos Chile cities civilization concluded considered constituted continued contributions countryside cultures decades dependency dominant economic elites essay estates Europe European evidence example existed export folk forced foreign further future greater growth Guatemala hands historians Iberian ideas importation increased independence Indian industrialization influence institutions intellectuals interests interpretation José labor land later latifundia Latin America leader least liberal life-styles living majority Manuel masses means ment Mexican Mexico needs nineteenth century nineteenth-century Latin novel offered Paraguay past patriarchs peasants period political poor popular population position preferences president Press problems production progress protest question railroads region represented Rosas rural seemed served shaped slave social society sources tion tradition United University urban values village wages World