Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching
This second edition is an extensive revision of this successful text. Like the first edition, it surveys the major approaches and methods in language teaching, such as grammar translation, audiolingualism, communicative language teaching, and the natural approach. The text examines each approach and method in terms of its theory of language and language learning, goals, syllabus, teaching activities, teacher and learner roles, materials, and classroom techniques. The second edition includes new chapters on topics such as whole language, multiple intelligences, neurolinguistic programming, competency-based language teaching, cooperative language learning, content-based instruction, task-based language teaching, and the Post-Methods Era. Teachers and teachers-in-training will enjoy reading this comprehensive survey and analysis of the major and minor teaching methods used around the world. The book seeks not only to clarify the assumptions behind these methods and their similarities and differences, but also to help teachers explore their own beliefs and practices in language teaching.
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activities affective filter analysis Applied Linguistics approach or method approach to language approaches and methods Asher basic behavior CBLT Chapter classroom Communicative Language Teaching Community Language Learning competence Competency-Based comprehension Content-Based Instruction Cooperative Learning Counseling-Learning course curriculum described dialogue Direct Method discussion English example focus function Gattegno goals grammar guage teaching input interaction involved Krashen and Terrell learners learning theory lesson Lexical Approach listening Lozanov materials methodology Multiple Intelligences municative Natural Approach needs Neurolinguistic Programming objectives organization practice principles proaches procedures programs proposed reading role second language acquisition second language learning sequence Situational Language Teaching skills specific structures Suggestopedia syllabus target language task-based tasks taught TBLT teacher teaching methods techniques TESOL textbook texts theory of language tion topics Total Physical Response view of language vocabulary Whole Language words writing